Christopher Hitchens asks a question of Ayaan Hirsi Ali
นอกจากการดูบทความนี้แล้ว คุณยังสามารถดูข้อมูลที่เป็นประโยชน์อื่นๆ อีกมากมายที่เราให้ไว้ที่นี่: ดูเพิ่มเติม
At the American Enterprise Institute on 2/13/07
Ayaan Hirsi Ali on Mohammed, the Anti-Innovator | Big Think
Ayaan Hirsi Ali on Mohammed, the AntiInnovator
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Ayaan Hirsi Ali, author of Heretic: Why Islam Needs a Reformation Now, argues that Mohammed was a great innovator who, upon his death, froze innovation in Islam forever.
Within relatively short order during his lifetime, Mohammed went from obscurity to leading a new, united Arab nation. In the process, says Ali, he underwent a transformation from seeker to autocrat. As a result, she claims, Islam has resisted social and ideological progress since his death.
AYAAN HIRSI ALI:
Ayaan Hirsi Ali is a DutchAmerican feminist filmmaker and political writer. She is author of several books, the latest of which is Heretic: Why Islam Needs a Reformation Now. She is also founder of the AHA Foundation, a former fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, and a former member of the Dutch parliament.
Ali is a vocal critic of Islam whose writings often focus on the religion’s subjugation of women. Her work is controversial and has resulted in numerous death threats. In 2004 Ayaan gained international attention following the murder of Theo van Gogh. Van Gogh had directed her short film Submission, a film about the oppression of women under Islam. The assassin left a death threat for her pinned to Van Gogh’s chest. This tragic event, and Ayaan’s life leading up to it, are all chronicled in her bestselling book, Infidel.
Ayaan Hirsi Ali: Early on, it seemed as if Mohammed’s ambition was simply to go from door to door from person to person and say, \”Leave alone what you believe in. Believe in the one God, the one who spoke to me through the angel Gabriel.\” That’s how you say it in Arabic and Gabriel in English, and then exhort people to do certain things that in the 21st century we understand as religion: prayer, fasting, congregations — that sort of thing. In the first 10 years in Mecca, I would say largely harmless. There’s that Mohammed. And in a very modern way, I don’t know if you know Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde, but you can understand him as a Dr. Jekyll. Then he goes to Medina and there you have the Mr. Hyde side of Mohammed. Suddenly there’s a militia. And now he’s a politician. He’s not only preaching please come to the one God; he’s demanding come to the one God and accept me as the prophet and if not, I declare war. And he declares war. And with a relatively small militia, at least according to the Islamic perception — these are the Muslim documents — with a relatively small militia or small number of men he defeats much larger, a much more wellestablished army. And that victory leads to another victory and it leads to another victory and it leads to another victory, but it also leads to complexities. Because the more he gains power he has a say over more people and that then leads to the necessity of legislation. In hindsight, if you’re in the 21st century, you are a political scientist, a sociologist, a psychologist, a historian, any kind of social scientist. You look back at that time and you read that narrative, you’ll be impressed. You’ll say goodness this man was great. He defeated large armies; he established an empire; he legislated; he kept them together; and he left a narrative behind that lasted for many centuries, well beyond he was born. Wonderful.
Of course I don’t argue with that. But, what he also did was he froze his innovation in place. He was the last prophet. Nobody else could come and innovative on what he said. In fact he declares innovation the biggest sin that a believer can commit, thus the fate of the heretics of Islam. And so if you take Mohammed as the Steve Jobs of the seventh century, I want you to imagine, I want you to think of a Steve Jobs leaving a legacy behind where he says you can never and you may never change, the minute he finds himself on his deathbed, never change the iPhone 4 or the iPad Air; I forget which rendition these things were back then or the Mac, so that Tim Cook could never have. He would only have one thing, which would be to continue it and to say these are timeless. And that’s pretty much what Mohammed did. The Koran is a timeless document. His example is rendered timeless. And I think that is a disservice that Mohammed did to his own innovation. His great achievement was the fact that he managed, if that narrative, again that narrative is a contested narrative, but if that narrative is true…
Read the full transcript at https://bigthink.com/videos/ayaanhirsialionmohammedtheantiinnovator
I Finally Found the Answer ~ Muslim Revert (Or Convert – Which is it?) Miscellaneous Mondays
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I Finally Found the Answer ~ Muslim Revert (Or Convert – Which is it?) Miscellaneous Mondays with The Faroos
Am I a Convert or Revert?
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To change one’s beliefs
cause to change in form, character, or function.
Return to a previous practice or state
Revert in the Qur’an
Art thou not aware of such as have been for¬bidden [to intrigue through] secret confabulations, and yet [always] revert to that which they have been forbidden, and conspire with one another with a view to sinful doings, and aggressive conduct, and disobedience to the Apostle? [Qur’an 58:8]
Hence, if two groups of believers fall to fighting, make peace between them; but then, if one of the two [groups] goes on acting wrongfully towards the other, fight against the one that acts wrongfully until it reverts to God’s commandment; and if they revert, make peace between them with justice, and deal equitably [with them]: for verily, God loves those who act equitably! [Qur’an 49:9]
O our Sustainer! Cause us to come out of this [suffering] and then, if ever We revert [to sinning], may we truly be [deemed] evildoers!” [Qur’an 23:107]
Your Sustainer may well show mercy unto you; but if you revert [to sinning], We shall revert [to chastising you]. And [remember this:] We have ordained that [in the hereafter] hell shall close upon all who deny the truth. [Qur’an 17:8]
If you have been praying for victory, [O believers] victory has now indeed come unto you. And if you abstain [from sinning], it will be for your own good; but if you revert to it, We shall revoke [Our promise of aid] and never will your community be of any avail to you, however great its numbers: for, behold, God is [only] with those who believe ! [Qur’an 8:19]
Revert in the Hadith Literature
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, \”Whoever possesses the following three qualities will taste the sweetness of faith: 1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else. 2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake. 3. Who hates to revert to disbelief (Atheism) after Allah has brought (saved) him out from it, as he hates to be thrown in fire.\” (Bukhari)
Narrated Jarir: The Prophet said to me during HajjatalWida’: Let the people keep quiet and listen. Then he said (addressing the people), \”Do not (become infidels) revert to disbelief after me by striking the necks (cutting the throats) of one another (killing each other).\” (Bukhari)
He embraced Islam. Then he reverted to his false religion (Muslim).
They reverted to Heathenism after embracing Islam (Bukhari).
Concept of Revert
Callers invented this term based on the hadeeth, which was mistranslated, “Every child was born on Fitrah.”
o Islam is the religion of Fitrah
o Therefore, every child was born a Muslim.
What is a Muslim According to the Laws of Islam?
Taking one’s Shahadah
o Knowledge of what the shahada means
Being born to a Muslim Father
According to the hadeeth Islam is built upon five pillars
Was anyone born taking their Shahadah?
Were all Muslims born to a Muslim father?
Does a baby know the Shahadah, the five daily prayers, fasting in Ramadan, paying zakat, or making hajj?
Problems with using the term revert for converts.
This limits the terminology to differentiate between someone who did not have a Muslim father and came into Islam by taking their Shahadah and someone born into a Muslim family, left the deen and came back
The first group are converts. The second group are reverts. Revert usually means you were engaging in an action, stopped practicing that action, and then went back to that action
Why I am a convert?
My Father wasn’t Muslim.
I was not born proclaiming the Shahadah or knowing the 5 Pillars of Islam
I changed my beliefs and functions.
I wasn’t making 5 daily prayers growing up.
The Qur’an and Sunnah primarily use the word revert to refer to people who left Islam. I am still Muslim.
o Using an English translation
Purposely – Translators choose words because they know both languages
• Convert had a meaning.
• Revert had a meaning
• Translators used word because they use the language according to the meanings of that language instead of imposing a new doctrine on a language
Матерь мира. Карты таро.
Что люди ждут?
Phrases คือ วลี มี 5 ประเภท คืออะไรบ้าง
Phrase คือ วลี กลุ่มคำที่ประกอบด้วยคำต่างๆมาเรียงกัน เพื่อให้ข้อมูลเพิ่มขึ้นในประโยคนั้นๆ
Phrase มี 5 ประเภท คือ
1. Noun Phrase : กลุ่มคำที่มีคำนาม หรือ คำสรรพนาม เป็นหลัก
2. Verb Phrase : กลุ่มคำที่มีคำกริยาเป็นหลัก อาจจะมีการใช้ กริยาช่วย หรือพวก Tense ต่างๆ
3. Adjective Phrase : กลุ่มคำที่คำคุณศัพท์เป็นหลัก โดยอาจจะมีคำขยายอื่นๆ มาช่วยเสริม
4. Prepositional Phrase : กลุ่มคำที่คำบุพบทเป็นหลัก โดยมาก จะเป็น Prep + Noun Phrase
5. Adverb Phrase : กลุ่มคำที่คำกริยาวิเศษณ์เป็นหลัก โดยอาจจะมีคำขยายอื่นๆ มาช่วยเสริม
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